Smart Waste Collection and Management Service
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City : Goyang
Solar-powered trash compactors
Region : Asia
National GDP Per Capita (USD) : 31,346 (IMF, 2018)
City Population: 1,043,436
Year Implemented : 2016
National Gini Index : 31.6 (World Bank, 2012)
Tags : ENVIRONMENT WASTE IOT
Technologies Utilized : Ultrasonic waste capacity sensors attached to pre-installed bins, Solar-powered compacting waste bins, Waste collection vehicle tracker
Funding Source : Government, Ecube Labs (Private Company)
Project Cost : KRW 300,000,000
Project Savings :
Planned Project Duration : Ongoing
KPIs : Number of waste compacting bins installed, Collection optimization, Cost savings
Project Context and Overview
Waste management presents a huge challenge to growing cities. In 2017, Goyang City produced up to 1,100 tons of waste per day. The city allocated around 66.7 billion KRW to waste collection and management services, but with their Smart Waste Collection and Management Service, these costs can be considerably reduced.
The technologies used as part of the Smart Waste Collection and Management Service includes ultrasonic waste capacity sensors attached to pre-installed bins, solar-powered compacting waste bins, and waste collection vehicle tracker. All the data collected through these devices are sent to the Clean City Network database, where it is processed to track waste generation, overflow, and efficiency by region, waste bin, and time period. Once the server accumulates sufficient information, it can provide predictive values of the fill-level of waste through built-in machine learning algorithms and AI. This data is then utilized to develop more accurate and efficient collection plans.
All the data collected is public, which citizens and organizations can use to take an active part in the city’s waste management activities. It also encourages startups and private entities to utilize this information to create technologies and applications and collaborate with the city.
Project Planning and Implementation
This initiative began as part of the Research & Development Project (supported by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning) of the Korean government in 2016, with the purpose of developing IoT-based services and a sustainable IoT model that can help solve urban challenges.
Goyang City built a consortium made up of several organizations and companies, including LG U+ and Ecube Labs. Ecube Labs is a green technology company that manufactures the sensors and solar-powered waste compactors that were installed in Goyang. LG U+ is a major Korean telecommunications company that provided IoT technology to allow connectivity among devices. LG U+ and Ecube Labs became partners and made major contributions to the design and installation of the technology, but the final application and maintenance of the system was all carried out by Goyang City officials. In 2016, there were 36 solar-powered trash compactors installed in Goyang’s high-traffic areas.
A total of 300 million KRW was invested for labor, material, research, and the promotion of the initiative. The government contributed close to 230 million KRW and Ecube Labs contributed the remaining 70 million KRW. The private allotment was used for hardware and the web form software service established through an Amazon server.
According to the National IT Industry Promotion Agency (NIPA) under the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning, the project was determined to be successful. The project hopes to produce a positive environmental impact by reducing fuel consumption through more effective use of waste collection vehicles, as well as by implementing the use of solar energy. Additionally, by optimizing the collection routes, the city can better manage their human resources and reduce inefficiencies.
Recommendations for Transfer
Ecube Labs has already successfully partnered with several other cities in similar projects including La Marsa, Melbourne, Seoul, and Dublin. All the projects were specifically planned and tailored to better suit the needs of cities. Smart waste management projects are applicable to a wide range of cities because technologies such as ultrasonic sensors are relatively low in cost and can be installed to pre-installed bins.
Figures and Images